Cundinamarca - Andes Region

The word Cundinamarca comes from an indian word that means land of Condors.
The cundinamarca state is located in the center of the country, on the top of the oriental mountain range. Bogota the capital of Colombia is located in this state.

We can appreciate 3 ranges that goes from 300 m.s.l to 3000 m.s.l. The magdalena valley on the west with lower altitudes. The oriental mountain range on the center, were most of the Cundinamarca state extension is located. In this zone the grassland of Bogota and the high plain is found. The plains on the east, were the land is warm and humid, the topography is flat with a low level of population.

The plains zone represent the 15% of the state, In cundimarca is located the Sumapaz highland, considered one of the most extensive highland in the world.
The best land is located in the Magdalena valley and in the high plateau. However the medium slope has the ideal conditions for the grow of coffee.

Taking into account the different topography that are found in Cundinamarca. The climated is diverse; warm and dry in the Magdalena valley, warm and humid in the plains, and cold in the highlands.

Two natural parks are located in Cundinamarca: Chingaza and Sumapaz.

The most important economical activities of the state are the industry, commerce, service and agriculture. The majority of them in Bogota an his surroundings. In the agricultural sector the most important activities are flower growing and livestock production.
Natural places in Cundinamarca.

tourism cundinamarca colombia

Natural Park Chingaza

This beautiful national park is located between the Cundinamarca and Meta State, is rich in water that comes from many rivers, lagoons, some of them declared heritage of the world. One of this lagoons is the Chingaza that provides a high amount of water to bogota water system.

Chingaza park has an extension of 53.000 hectares, the high plateau climate predominates.
Flora associated to this type of land are big “frailejones”, “siete cueros” and much more, an endangered specie of plant located in this park is the “polilepis”; plant with many colors. At the same time the following kinds of animals are seen; “anteojos” bear, puma, white deers, condors, different sort of birds and a big variety of amphibious.

The Chingaza park is open to the tourist, it is recommended to use suitable clothes for this climate. They are different access points, most of them in the calera way. It is possible to take walks using a variety of routes, all of them with a beautiful view of the nature, some of them still undiscovered.

Highland of Sumapaz

It is located in the states of Cundinamarca, Huila and Meta, above the oriental mountain range, it is characterized by his mountains with many lagoons and areas still undiscovered.

The greatest part belong to the Highland of Sumapaz, with an extension of 150.000 hectares, making it the biggest highland in the world. In it many rivers born, making it and important water source for Colombia. It also counts with a variety of flora and fauna typic from the highland, we can mention for example: “anteojos” bear, deers, eagles, condors, toucans, hummingbirds, rabbits, “frailejones”, moss, etc.

In Sumapaz pre-Columbian archeological spot are encounter, in some lagoons different types of jewelry has been found, this are shown in the Gold museum in Bogota, the most famous of them is the Muisca raft.


tourism cundinamarca colombia
tourism cundinamarca colombia


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